New York City's Community Boards
Neighborhood Governance and Activism
New York City is a metropolis of 8.2 million residents, so it’s not surprising that it takes an awful lot of people in a lot of departments and organizations to keep the town’s government running smoothly. Some of those people (the mayor, for instance) are household names while others are perhaps less well known. The members of the city’s community boards fall into the second category but the work they do for the city and its residents is no less important than that of the mayor or the city council.
Let’s Hear it for the Board
There are 59 community boards in New York City—12 in Manhattan alone—each established by city charter in the early 1960s as a way for citizens to become more directly involved in local politics. Over the years—once in 1975 and again in 1989—the charter was updated to give the city’s community boards more influence and input as to how their individual neighborhoods are governed.
Each community board consists of up to 50 unsalaried members, all of whom are appointed by the borough president. The borough president chooses half the members based on nominations by the district’s city council representative, and half by personally identifying active, committed community members who would be an asset to the community board.
Manhattan Borough President Scott Stringer says, “Community boards play a crucial role in how New York City’s residents and neighborhoods interact with their government. Boards are the first point of interaction between constituents and the city, its agencies and its agenda. The advisory recommendations that Community Boards issue are taken into consideration by all levels of government and shape the development of their neighborhoods in substantial ways.”
In order to be considered for a community board position, one must live, work, or have some vested interest in the administration and governance of the neighborhood. Once appointed, community board members’ responsibilities include coordinating municipal service delivery and land use, advocating on behalf of their neighborhood for allocation of city funds, and deciding on community welfare and quality-of-life issues, such as approving liquor licenses for bars and clubs wishing to move into the area.
Stringer urges residents to get involved. It isn’t that difficult according to him, he suggests, “First, I’d attending a few meetings to see what it’s all about. Every Community Board has a website that exhibits meetings dates, locations and agenda items. Look to see what issues are being addressed and then go to listen, learn and share your opinion. Apply to become a member of a board through our office. The Community Board appointment process begins each year in October.”
Community board members serve staggered terms to prevent them from totally turning over within a single year. City employees can serve on their own community board but the number of city workers eligible to serve is limited to no more than 25 percent of the total number of board members. City Council members are also automatic community board members, though they do not vote in that capacity.
According to the city’s government website, www.nyc.gov, the borough president must ensure adequate representation from different geographic neighborhoods in the district, and must consider whether all segments of the community are represented. Community boards, civic organizations and other community groups can submit nominations to the borough president or to the council members.
Helen Rosenthal, a board member and former chairperson for CB7 on Manhattan’s Upper West Side, says that “board members are required to attend all full board meetings, as well as two committee meetings each month. Each meeting lasts between two and four hours. Volunteers can attend meetings as they please—but they must attend at least three committee meetings if they wish to vote on an issue.”
Rosenthal also says that when a board representative is negligent in his or her duties—by failing to attend six months-worth of board meetings, for example—he or she may be removed from the board and replaced by another individual chosen by the borough president.
Who’s In Charge
Each community board has its own office, district manager, and staff. The district manager establishes an office, hires staff, and implements procedures to improve the delivery of city services to the district. They are often complaint takers, municipal managers, information sources, community organizers, mediators, advocates, and much more. Community board operations are funded by the city and supported by a staff comprised of city employees.
“There are three functions within the office,” says Kenneth Kearns, district manager for CB10 in the Bronx. “Constituent service, scheduling meetings for the various committees and in our case, housing and zoning—which is very important because we have input into housing and zoning issues within the board service area. It’s purely advisory, but it’s a charter-mandated function.”
The other main responsibility of the district office is to receive and resolve complaints from community residents—but the board’s function certainly doesn’t stop there. Boards also advocate on behalf of seniors and lower-income community members and coordinate tenant-merchant cooperative associations. They also handle things like block party and street fair permits, dog runs, and neighborhood cleanup and beautification projects.
Action and Reaction
Community boards meet at least once a month, except in July and August as mandated by city charter. Meetings are open to the public but are primarily for board members to discuss and decide upon issues affecting their jurisdiction.
According to the city’s website, community board “actions, decisions, etc. can only be authorized by a majority of the members present and entitled to vote during the presence of a quorum.”
The charter also requires that adequate notices of meetings and hearings be given to the public, that time to hear comments from the public be set aside at meetings, and that meetings must be available for broadcasting and cablecasting.
The typical community board meeting usually starts off with a public session, and then moves on to reports from the various board members (the chairperson, the district manager, any visiting officials or guests, and so forth). After that, it’s on to presentations and reports from various committees, and finally to any action items or resolutions that need to be voted on.
Boards also conduct meetings to gather public input on issues of importance to the city’s governance. Needless to say, when the issues are big or controversial, opinions—and community hearings—can get more than a little heated.
According to Rosenthal, “Infrequently there are meetings that are very contentious. Everyone is given an opportunity to speak however, which generally calms things down.” If a business owner or citizen wants to appear before their board with a proposal or complaint, Rosenthal continues, “anyone can come to one of the monthly full board meeting and raise their issue; they have two minutes to speak.”
Much of a board’s business is carried out by special committees formed to address one particular aspect of governance.
Both committees and the board as a unit advise city government officials and make decisions about a wide array of issues, including how their neighborhood is developed and preserved, how much city funding their area receives, and a host of other matters including traffic congestion, housing, and crime.
Advocates for the Community
Community boards are key to balancing commercial development in their neighborhoods and citizens’ quality of life. “Each committee tries to analyze issues in a way that takes all sides into consideration,” explains Rosenthal. “If a business is coming to the board for a routine request—such as a liquor license—they must post signs stating that there will be a public meeting one week prior to the meeting to notify neighboring residents.”
Community boards, its district manager, and its office staff serve as advocates and service coordinators for the community-at-large and its residents. However, they cannot order any city agency or official to perform a specific task; that is left up to the boards themselves to resolve.
“The most rewarding part about serving on a community board is addressing community concerns in a fair way,” says Rosenthal, who adds that it is also helpful to find new opportunities and ways to benefit the community. On the other hand, she admits that “being in an advisory role to the city” can be challenging at times.
And it’s that balance, says Rosenthal, that embodies both the most rewarding and most challenging aspects of serving on a community board in New York City. For more information about the community boards, visit the city’s website at www.nyc.gov or at http://mbpo.org.
Hannah Fons is associate editor of The Cooperator. Associate Editor Liam P. Cusack also contributed to this article.