A Look at Election Fraud Staying on the Up and Up

Every co-op, condo, and HOA must elect a board of directors to oversee the community’s finances, physical maintenance, and other day-to- day operations. While board elections don’t rise quite to the level of a state or even local election in terms of gravitas, an apathetic or inept board can profoundly impact the cohesion and quality of life in a given building or association— and a truly bad board can run a community into the ground. Given the high stakes, it’s crucial that board elections be carried out properly and fairly. How can board election fraud be prevented? And how it can be detected—and corrected—when it does occur?

In the News

The issue of widespread election fraud in condominiums and HOAs came to the forefront recently in Florida when it was discovered that at least 30 percent of the common interest communities in Miami-Dade County regulated by the Florida Department of Business & Professional Regulation (DBPR) were the subject of complaints or were actually being investigated for committing some kind of election fraud or administrative irregularity.

In an investigation by The Miami Herald and Univision, multiple HOAs in Florida were accused of forging ballots, casting duplicate ballots, intimidating owners to change their proxies, and attempting to cover up the voting irregularities.

The Process

Before we delve into the muddy waters of fraudulent elections, we must first understand how the election process is supposed to work.

“Almost every community association that I’ve dealt with or represented has a provision in its bylaws that dictates and spells out that there shall be an annual meeting at which the directors, (if it’s a homeowner’s association or a co-op), or the members of the board of managers (if it’s a condominium), are elected,” explains Marc Schneider, Esq., founding partner of the law firm of Schneider Mitola LLP, which has offices in New York City and Long Island. “And it usually spells out some of the procedures for doing so, such as the amount of notice that you have to give to the residents [that an election is upcoming]. For example it might say something like, ‘not less than ten or more than thirty days.’”


Related Articles

Q&A: Holding Two Board Roles Simultaneously

Q&A: Holding Two Board Roles Simultaneously

Q&A: Election Sabotage, or Democracy at Work?

Q&A: Election Sabotage, or Democracy at Work?

Community Meetings in the Time of COVID

Distancing Without Getting Detached

Q&A: Haven’t Had a Quorum in a While

Q&A: Haven’t Had a Quorum in a While

Board Malfeasance

What to Do if You Suspect Foul Play

Virtual Governance

How Co-ops & Condos Hold Meetings Distantly



  • I can not got answer to my question. I need to know it is the law that permit the board candidates to re election will be permit to elect an inspector for that issue
  • Very important information. In 2017 when I held the co-op presidency, I used one of these voting companies mentioned to handle our co-op elections. It was a very wise choice. I'm very happy that I did it, and very proud. You want to make sure that the election procedure is carried out in strict accordance to your by-laws. You want to ensure that no election fraud takes place, by hiring an independent 3rd party to handle those elections. You want to ensure that an official certified elections results document is left for the record, in case the new board may later want to play a game to try pin something on you.